Toyota and Panasonic secure US lithium to boost EV capacity (2023)

Toyota and Panasonic secure US lithium to boost EV capacity (1)

Toyota Motors is boosting its US EV capacity with a new supply agreement with Ioneer LTD’s Rhyolite Ridge mining project. According to the new deal, Ioneer will supply 4,000 tonnes of lithium carbonate annually to the Toyota-Panasonic battery venture.

Lithium, a critical component of EV batteries, is in high demand as electric vehicle sales continue to break records. The deal comes as a newly proposed climate bill includes an EV tax credit expansion.

However, automakers would need to source lithium, among other vital minerals, domestically or through countries with a free trade agreement with the US to get the credit. In fact, Ioneer’s executive chairman, James Calaway, said:

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The whole purpose of this agreement is for this lithium to be used in the United States.

The lithium will be enough to make around 150,000 EV batteries, depending on the model. Toyota is aiming to develop 30 different battery electric vehicles by 2030. Furthermore, according to the company’s latest SEC filing, Toyota forecasts 3.5 million in EV sales annually by 2030.

At the same time, supplies are expected to start in 2025, depending on permits and funding.

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A win for Toyota in the EV race?

In 2019, Electrek reported that Toyota and Panasonic were forming a partnership to produce EV batteries. So far, the venture is working on building affordable batteries at scale.

The new supply agreement is a big step for Toyota, which is looking to ramp production in key markets. Although Japan is Toyota’s home market, the company generates the most sales in North America. With this in mind, the new supply agreement will help the automaker establish itself in its largest market.

Not only that, but the US EV market is heating up. If the climate bill passes and the EV tax credits are extended, it could create an advantage for domestic automakers.

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Several US EV companies are expecting to ramp up production this year. Not to mention legacy automakers like Ford and GM are boosting their own EV ability. That said, this deal looks like a win for Toyota and its plans to expand EV production in the US.

If Toyota is to reach its goal of selling 3.5 million EVs annually, the North American market will play a critical role.

For now, the Japanese automaker’s effort starts with the Toyota bZ4x electric SUV hitting US dealerships later this year.

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Toyota and Panasonic secure US lithium to boost EV capacity? ›

Toyota Motors is boosting its US EV capacity with a new supply agreement with Ioneer LTD's Rhyolite Ridge mining project. According to the new deal, Ioneer will supply 4,000 tonnes of lithium carbonate annually to the Toyota-Panasonic battery venture.

Who is the largest provider of lithium for electric vehicle batteries? ›

Contemporary Amperex Technology Co., Ltd. (CATL) is a Chinese manufacturer of lithium-ion batteries for EVs and energy storage systems and battery management systems. According to the company, CATL has been “ranked No. 1 globally in EV battery consumption volume for five consecutive years.”

Who is Toyota's lithium supplier? ›

By acquiring 100% of the sales rights to lithium carbonate from Salar de Olaroz, Toyota Tsusho is establishing itself as a new supplier in the lithium market. The stable supply of lithium from new sources both raises the value of business and supports the widespread adoption of next-generation automobiles.

Does Toyota use Panasonic batteries? ›

The joint venture announced by Toyota and Panasonic will develop highly competitive, cost-effective batteries that are safe and feature excellent quality and performance (in terms of capacity, output, durability, etc.), enabling use with peace of mind by all customers.

Does the US have enough lithium for electric cars? ›

While the world does have enough lithium to power the electric vehicle revolution, it's less a question of quantity, and more a question of accessibility. Earth has approximately 88 million tonnes of lithium, but only one-quarter is economically viable to mine as reserves.

Who is the leader in EV battery technology? ›

CATL is the leading brand in EV battery manufacturing, securing 34% of the market share. Based in China, CATL manufacturers solid-state batteries and lithium-ion batteries for companies including BMW, Toyota, and Honda, to name a few.

Who is Tesla's main lithium supplier? ›

Tesla is currently working with Japanese company Panasonic, its longtime partner, as well as South Korea's LG Energy Solutions, the second largest battery supplier in the world. They supply the EV maker with cells containing nickel and cobalt.

What company is Toyota partnering for solid-state batteries? ›

Toyota is developing the solid-state batteries through Prime Planet Energy & Solutions Inc., a joint venture with Panasonic that started operations in April 2020 and has about 5,100 employees, including 2,400 at a Chinese subsidiary.

Who does Panasonic make EV batteries for? ›

Over the past decade, Japan-based Panasonic has churned out billions of cylindrical cells for its main car-making customer, Tesla Inc.

Where does Panasonic get its lithium? ›

Japanese conglomerates Toyota Motor Corp and Panasonic Corp have announced that their joint battery venture will buy lithium from the Rhyolite Ridge mining project of ioneer Ltd.

Is Tesla using Panasonic battery? ›

Panasonic is increasing production of its 2170 cylindrical cell batteries that power Tesla's flagship Model 3. The company will produce more cylindrical 2170 cell batteries that are used in Tesla's flagship Model 3 car and other models.

What battery does Toyota recommend? ›

Toyota TrueStart™ batteries have been approved by Toyota engineers for years of trouble-free service–and no one knows your Toyota better than they do.

Does Tesla still buy batteries from Panasonic? ›

CEO Elon Musk says the company wants to make its own batteries to supplement supply and that Tesla will continue to procure batteries from Panasonic or other battery manufacturers.

Where is the largest lithium deposit in the United States? ›

The Thacker Pass Lithium Mine is a lithium clay mining development project in Humboldt County, Nevada, which is the largest known lithium deposit in the US and one of the largest in the world. There has been significant exploration of Thacker Pass since 2007.

What US state has the most lithium? ›

In northern Nevada, a place called Peehee Mu'huh – or Thacker Pass – is sacred indigenous land and also potentially the largest deposit of lithium in the US.

What is the largest lithium deposit in the US? ›

Thacker Pass is the the largest known lithium deposit in the U.S. "It is a big deposit and it will be a significant contributor to the lithium supply for North America," said analyst Cameron Perks with the London-based firm, Benchmark Mineral Intelligence.

Who is the second biggest battery EV player? ›

The second biggest supplier of EV batteries is LG Energy Solution (formerly called LG Chem), which had a much lower but still significant 14% of the global EV battery market.

Who is the second biggest battery EV? ›

LG Energy Solution

What company is building the forever battery? ›

In late 2021, QuantumScape illustrated that its forever battery performed in 4-layer formats up to 800 charging cycles. A quarter later, the company scaled successful results to 10-layer batteries up to 800 cycles.

What is the best lithium stock to buy? ›

Best lithium stocks
Company NameSymbolYTD Return
Sigma Lithium Corp.SGML35.28%
Quantumscape Corp.QS20.74%
Lucid Group Inc.LCID18.64%
1 more row
May 1, 2023

What is the new battery that will replace lithium? ›

Researchers at Vienna University of Technology have developed an oxygen-ion battery based on ceramic materials that has a longer lifespan than lithium-ion batteries. The new battery can be regenerated and does not require rare elements, making it an ideal solution for large energy storage systems.

Is Tesla buying American lithium? ›

We are pleased to be able to partner with Tesla to supply lithium resources produced in North America. The electric vehicle and critical battery materials landscape has changed significantly since 2020 and this agreement reflects the importance of – and growing demand for – a North American lithium supply chain.

Does Toyota secure huge lead in solid-state battery patents? ›

TOKYO -- Toyota Motor is by far the leading holder of solid-state battery patents, a Nikkei study shows, demonstrating how Japanese companies have dominated the race to develop the next-generation power source for electric vehicles.

Is Panasonic developing a solid-state battery? ›

Toyota is partnering with Panasonic on solid-state batteries that will be used in a hybrid in 2025.

Who has the most advanced solid-state battery? ›

Overall, QuantumScape is at the forefront of developing solid-state batteries, which are considered to be the next-generation of batteries for electric vehicles.

What American companies make EV batteries? ›

Company Summaries
  • Proterra is headquartered in Burlingame, California, and was founded in 2004. ...
  • BMZ USA, Inc. is a custom manufacturer of batteries founded in 1994. ...
  • Panasonic Co. ...
  • Microvast manufactures batteries and battery systems for electrically-driven transportation.

Is Tesla supplier Panasonic plans additional $4 billion EV battery plant in the US? ›

Aug 26 (Reuters) - Panasonic Holdings Corp (6752. T), a supplier to electric-car maker Tesla Inc (TSLA. O), is in talks to build an additional electric vehicle (EV) battery plant in the United States at a cost of around $4 billion, the Wall Street Journal reported on Friday, citing people familiar with the matter.

Who supplies Tesla with EV batteries? ›

Tesla's primary battery cell supplier, Panasonic, is once again looking to build a new factory in the US after recently announcing its plans to construct one in Kansas.

Who is the largest lithium manufacturer? ›

Albemarle Corp.

Albemarle is the biggest company on the list and the world's largest lithium producer. Albemarle operates the only active lithium mine in the U.S., located in Silver Peak, Nevada.

Who produces the most lithium in the world? ›

Lithium is currently produced from hard rock or brine mines. Australia is the world's biggest supplier, with production from hard rock mines. Argentina, Chile and China mainly produce it from salt lakes.

Who makes the most lithium in the world? ›

The three largest producers of lithium are Australia, Chile and China. The demand for lithium is expected to reach 1.5 million tonnes of lithium carbonate equivalent by 2025 and over 3 million tonnes by 2030.

What cars use Panasonic batteries? ›

Lucid will use Panasonic batteries in its long-range Lucid Air and its Gravity SUV, which will begin production in 2024, the company said. In August Lucid halved its EV production forecast blaming extraordinary supply chain and logistics challenges.

Does Panasonic make batteries for other cars? ›

Panasonic supplies cells to multiple electric automakers, but it is obviously closer to Tesla who has made it clear that it will buy every viable battery cell it can get its hands on for the foreseeable future.

Why did Tesla partner with Panasonic? ›

Panasonic first partnered with Tesla way back in 2009. At that time, the decision was seen as a huge vote of confidence for the California upstart. In the deal, the two companies decided to develop the next generation of automotive-grade batteries together.

Who supplies Toyota with lithium ion batteries? ›

In 2019, Electrek reported that Toyota and Panasonic were forming a partnership to produce EV batteries. So far, the venture is working on building affordable batteries at scale. The new supply agreement is a big step for Toyota, which is looking to ramp production in key markets.

What is the life expectancy of a Toyota battery? ›

On average, your battery will serve you well for about three to five years when you have a conventional gas-powered model. Hybrid models (like the Toyota Prius) have batteries that can last for up to eight years.

Will Toyota replace my battery? ›

For Premium Batteries Installed By Authorized Toyota Dealership: 1-24 Months – 100% replacement (including parts, labour and sublets) 25-36 Months – 50% replacement cost, parts only (no labour or sublets)

What is the new battery technology 2023? ›

Researchers Design Battery Prototype With Fiber-Shaped Cathode. Apr. 24, 2023 — In a new study, researchers made a cathode, or the positive end of a battery, in the shape of a thread-like fiber. The researchers were then able to use the fiber to create a zinc-ion battery ...

Does Panasonic make batteries in the US? ›

The facility now produces 37 gigawatt-hours of batteries a year (for context: one gigawatt can power about 9,000 Nissan Leafs). Panasonic broke ground on a new $4 billion factory in DeSoto, Kansas, in November that's supposed to start production in 2025, making 2170 cells for multiple customers, including Lucid.

Is Tesla supplier Panasonic pushing for 20 increase in battery density? ›

EXCLUSIVE Tesla supplier Panasonic eyes 20% jump in battery density by 2030. July 13 (Reuters) - Panasonic Energy Co, a major Tesla supplier, is working on new technology to increase battery energy density by a fifth by 2030, the Japanese company's chief technology officer told Reuters.

What country is richest in lithium? ›

Lithium reserves by country

Chile has the largest lithium reserves worldwide by a large margin. Australia comes in second, with reserves estimated at 6.2 million metric tons in 2022.

Who owns the largest lithium mine in the US? ›

Silver Peak, Nevada is home to the only active lithium mine in the U.S. It's owned by Albemarle, one of the world's largest lithium producers, and is set to double in size by 2025 to meet growing demand from EV automakers.

Who owns lithium mines in USA? ›

Nevada is currently home to the only lithium mine in the United States — the Silver Peak mine — which is operated by North Carolina-based chemicals company Albemarle Corp.

Why don t we mine lithium in the US? ›

Because lithium deposits come embedded in other metals and minerals, extracting lithium can be incredibly difficult. More refineries—the plants where raw lithium is processed into a concentrated form of the metal that goes into batteries—need to be built in North America.

Is lithium mining worse than oil drilling? ›

Lithium mining does have an environmental impact, but it is no worse than oil drilling. This is especially true when you consider the carbon emissions produced from petroleum products during their usage, as compared to lithium-ion batteries that have little to no GHG emissions during their use.

Who has the best lithium reserves in the world? ›

With 8 million tons, Chile has the world's largest known lithium reserves. This puts the South American country ahead of Australia (2.7 million tons), Argentina (2 million tons) and China (1 million tons). Within Europe, Portugal has smaller quantities of the valuable raw material.

Who is the largest buyer of lithium? ›

China's the largest consumer of lithium because of its booming electronics and electric vehicle industries.

Will Thacker Pass be approved? ›

A federal judge in Nevada on Monday upheld the federal government's approval of the largest proposed lithium mine in the nation, dismissing arguments that the Thacker Pass project would degrade nearby aquifers, air quality, and habitat for the imperiled greater sage grouse.

Who produces lithium for electric cars? ›

Most lithium comes from Australia, Chile and China, which also dominates in processing lithium and making batteries.

Who produces lithium ion batteries for cars? ›

CATL provides lithium-ion batteries to Tesla, Peugeot, Hyundai, Honda, BMW, Toyota, Volkswagen, and Volvo. Despite facing strict scrutiny after EV battery-fire recalls in the United States, LG Energy Solution remains the second-biggest battery manufacturer.

Who are the massive lithium battery manufacturers? ›

Nature of BusinessManufacturer
Company CEOMahipalsinh Parmar
Registered AddressShop-15, Megnus Homes, Kamrej, Surat- 394185, Gujarat, India
Total Number of Employees11 to 25 People
Year of Establishment2021
3 more rows

Where does the US get most of its lithium? ›

However, the US is home to what are believed to be the world's largest lithium deposits after those in the so-called Lithium Triangle region in South America. The states of Nevada, North Carolina, and California together host an estimated 4% of the world's lithium reserves.

Does Panasonic make batteries for Tesla? ›

Panasonic previously invested in and jointly operates a battery factory with Tesla in Sparks, Nevada, outside of Reno, known as the Gigafactory (or Gigafactory 1).

Who makes Toyota EV batteries? ›

Toyota said its batteries, developed with Panasonic Corp (6752. T), contain a special coolant that does not conduct electricity easily. Battery packs are also structured to keep the cells and coolant separated in case of a leak.

Which company has best lithium-ion battery in world? ›

Biggest Battery Manufacturers in the World
  • Farasis Energy (Gan Zhou) Co., Ltd. Market share as of July 2022: NA (1% in 2021) ...
  • Envision AESC. Market share as of July 2022: NA (2% in 2021) ...
  • Svolt Energy Technology Co., Ltd. ...
  • Sunwoda Electric Vehicle Battery. ...
  • Gotion High-tech Co., Ltd. ...
  • CALB Group Co., Ltd. ...
  • Samsung SDI Co., Ltd.
Mar 3, 2023

Who is the world No 1 lithium producer? ›

Lithium is currently produced from hard rock or brine mines. Australia is the world's biggest supplier, with production from hard rock mines. Argentina, Chile and China mainly produce it from salt lakes.

Who is the number 1 lithium battery? ›

Currently the biggest lithium-ion battery manufacturers on the planet, CATL is responsible for the creation of 96.7 gigawatt hours (GWh) of the planet's 296.8 GWh.


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